Archives for June 2014

When Is It Time For A New X-Ray Apron?

How Long Will My X-Ray Apron Last? 

The life of an x-ray apron will depend on the frequency of use, applications and how it is stored when not in use. Properly caring for your x-ray apron is the easiest way to extend the useful life of your apron. It is recommended to have the lead apron examined fluoroscopically at least once a year.

When Should I Replace My X-Ray Apron? 

“Any radiation protection garment displaying breaks in the lead lining should be replaced.” e.g. Rejecting an x-ray apron depends on the location, area size and number of flaws. It is best to keep the number of flaws to a minimum – Source: North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services, Division of Health Service Regulation, Radiology Compliance Branch, Radiation Protection Section¹

Lead Apron Integrity Inspection

X-ray aprons should never be folded. Cracks in the lead lining can develop at the fold reducing the useful life of the apron. The x-ray apron should be inspected annually or manufacturers recommendations.

Fluoroscopic Inspection

  1. Lay x-ray apron on the table
  2. Examine the entire x-ray apron using the fluoroscope
  3. Record results of the inspection following your facilities or state protocol

Fluoroscopic Inspection Alternative (When fluoroscopy unit is not available)

  1. Closely inspect the x-ray apron for kinks, creases, and irregularities
  2. Take a radiograph of the suspect areas (e.g. areas where the lead lining may be compromised)
  3. Process the film and inspect for breaks or flaws in the lead lining
  4. Record results of the inspection following your facilities or state protocol

Before Purchasing New X-Ray Aprons

Check with your Radiation Safety Officer to determine what lead equivalency is required to be compliant with your state’s radiation protection regulations. The American Registry of Radiologic Technologists has a helpful page that lists the contact information for each state.

 

Please Note: The information included in this post is intended for general reference only. The information provided is not a substitute for professional radiation protection advice and should not be relied upon in the absence of such professional advice.

5 Reasons Why You Should Use Lead Apron Storage Racks

Lead Apron Storage

Improper storage of your lead apron can reduce the attenuating qualities of the apron and ultimately reduce the level of radiation protection your apron provides. Lead apron storage racks come in a variety of styles and configurations to meet the specific needs of your medical facility.

Protection From Radiation Exposure

Lead aprons are used in medical facilities to protect workers and patients from x-ray radiation exposure from diagnostic radiology procedures. Lead aprons are protective garments that have been designed to shield the body from the harmful effects of ionizing radiation during medical imaging procedures.

“As is the case with many protective garments, it is important to remember that a lead apron is only effective when it is worn properly, matched with the appropriate radiation energy and is used in a safe and regularly inspected environment.” – Stanford’s Radiation Protection Guidance for Hospital Staff¹ 

Lead Apron Integrity Check

Medical personnel who are required to wear lead aprons or other related radiation protection devices should visually inspect these protective garments prior to each use for obvious signs of damage such rips and tears, sagging lead, and cracks in the lead lining.

Not sure if a lead apron rack is necessary?

1.  To ensure that you are properly protected. When a lead apron hasn’t been stored properly, you could be putting yourself at risk for increased exposure to ionizing radiation. Small cracks and holes can develop in the lead lining that may not be visible on the exterior fabric of the lead apron.

“Lead aprons should be checked fluoroscopically at least on an annual basis for their shielding integrity².” -Radiology Compliance Branch (Radiation Protection Section), NC Department of Health and Human Services

2.  To protect your radiation protection investment. Properly storing your lead aprons will extend the useful life of the apron by helping prevent damage to the lead lining and the exterior fabric of the lead apron. Aprons should never be folded or creased. Lead aprons should be hung up by the shoulder(s) or on an approved apron hanger. Aprons should not be stored on a flat surface. Even incorrect storage for a short time can result in damage that is not visible to the naked eye.

3. To improve the organization of lead aprons. Managing lead aprons is one task that the imaging director has to cross off their to-do list, although it is probably not at the top of their list. Lead aprons play a vital role in protecting physicians, imaging staff, and patients from unnecessary exposure to ionizing radiation during diagnostic imaging procedures. Properly organizing your aprons will simplify the tracking process and will make State or Joint Commission inspections easier.

4. To help improve efficiency. Having a centralized location to properly store lead aprons will keep them safe and easily accessible the next time they are needed. Properly managing lead aprons can be a time-consuming task, utilizing an appropriate lead apron storage rack can help reduce time spent tracking aprons in the medical facility. As departments grow, it is important to have an apron storage process in place to keep aprons from getting mixed between departments.

5. To help reduce the occurrence of missing aprons. Keeping track of aprons can be difficult, especially when physicians and imaging staff spend time at multiple facilities. Lead apron racks make storage easier and help reduce the chance of lead aprons getting moved between departments and other medical facilities.

Example of A Wall Mounted Apron Rack

Stay Neat And Organized

Maintaining a neat, uncluttered imaging environment is important in detail orientated medical fields. Lead apron racks allow your facility to provide medical staff with a well-organized treatment facility and workspace. When the necessary equipment is readily available on an x-ray apron rack in a centralized location, X-ray procedures will be completed efficiently and effectively.

 

Protect Your Eyes With Nike Radiation Safety Glasses

Nike ReverseRadiation Eye Protection

In recent years, there has been an increased concern regarding occupational dose to the lens of the eye in interventional radiologists. “New data from exposed human populations suggest that lens opacities (cataracts) occur at doses far lower than those previously believed to cause cataracts¹.” The latency period for radiation cataract formation appears to be inversely related to radiation dose.

Stylish and Functional Radiation Safety Glasses

Protecting the operator’s eyes from scattered radiation is an important radiation safety consideration. For years, heavy and uncomfortable lead goggles were the only option for interventional radiologists. The increased awareness of radiation eye protection has resulted in new product offerings that blend the functionality of traditional leaded glasses with the style of designer eyeglass and sunglass frames.

Nike Radiation Safety Glasses

These stylish Nike frames are the perfect addition to your radiation protection gear. Available in a wide-variety of color options and styles, you are sure to find a pair that will meet your needs. All Nike radiation safety glasses come standard with 0.75mm Pb lead equivalency SCHOTT S6HT glass lenses to ensure proper protection from ionizing radiation.

Sunglass Frames 

  • Nike Lava available in Blue Hero, Crystal Matte Dark Grey, Crystal Matte Pine Green, and Black
  • Nike Mercurial 6.0 available in Crystal Military Brown, Black, and White
  • Nike Mercurial 8.0 available in Yellow and Black
  • Nike Varsity available in Blue Hero, Matte Crystal, Black, and Red
  • Nike Reverse available in Blue Hero, Matte Crystal, Black, and Matte Black
  • Nike Brazen available in Grey Green, Red Blue, White Electric Yellow, Tortoise, and Matte Black
  • Nike Premier 6.0 available in Matte Dark Grey, Tortoise, and Matte Black
  • Nike Premier 8.0 available in Black and Matte Crystal Military Brown
  • Nike Charger available in Anthracite, Crystal Military Brown, Yellow, and Matte Black

Eyeglass Frames

  • Nike 7203 available in Matte Black
  • Nike 7107 available in Black and Grey
  • Nike 7108 available in Satin Black
  • Nike 7109 available in Satin Black
  • Nike 4251 available in Platinum 048 (Blue)

Eyeglass Frames For Men

  • Nike 8094 (Full Rim Metal Frame available in Matte Black)
  • Nike Stride EV0-708  (Full Rim Metal Frame available in either Black or Matte Black)
  • Nike 4210 )Full Rim Metal Frame available in Blue)
  • Nike 6042 (Full Rim Titanium Frame available in Matte Black)

 Eyeglass Frames For Women 

  • Nike Gaze 2 available in Matte Crystal Dark Grey, Matte White Mint, Tortoise Magenta, and White

Eyeglass Frames For Teens And Petite Adults 

  • Nike 5508 available in Black Grey, Electric Blue, and Satin Blue Cyan
  • Nike 5509 available in Black & White, and Blue & Yellow
  • Nike 5525 available in Black Smokey Grey, Tortoise, and Blue
  • Nike 5527 available in Black Pink Purple, Crystal White Green, Black, and Brown

Eyeglass Frames For Youth 

  • Nike Mavrk available in Laser Orange, Matte Tortoise, Black, and Matte Black

Prescription Lenses 

Certain frames have the option to add single vision Rx and lined bifocal Rx. To determine which frames are available with prescriptions, visit our lead glasses section under the radiation protection category on our main website at UniversalMedicalInc.com to learn more. When ordering, please fax or email your Rx including your pupillary distance. Prescription information can also be noted in the “Order Comments/Special Instructions” section upon checkout under “Payment Information”. 

Lens Enhancements  Lens enhancements are available for certain frames. The two types of lens enhancements: anti-reflective coating and a fog-free coating.

Radiation Safety Glasses Cases  Most of the Nike frames include a case and microfiber pouch to keep your radiation safety glasses safe and secure. The lead lenses are heavier than traditional eyeglass lenses so extra caution should be used when wearing and storing the lead glasses.

Questions? 

If you still have questions, don’t worry, we’re here to help you make an informed decision. The entire Nike lineup of radiation safety glasses have product videos on their dedicated product page to provide you with more information. Connect with us on Live Chat during our normal business hours or email us at info@universalmedicalinc.com and we will respond to you inquiry the following business day. Make sure to subscribe to our blog for periodic updates and product announcements.

Caring For Your Lead Glasses: 7 Tips To Follow

Protecting Your Eyes

Your eyes are an important part of your overall health. Protecting your eyes, whether from ultraviolet radiation or ionizing radiation is important. Among the tips for maintaining good eye health is to always wear protective eyewear.

How Do Lead Glasses Protect Your Eyes?

Radiation eye protection should always be used when working near and around ionizing radiation. Recently, several studies have found that wearing lead glasses significantly reduces the lens dose rate. One study published in November of 2010, Comparing Strategies For Operator Eye Protection In The Inventional Radiography Suite states that the “use of leaded glasses alone reduced the lens dose rate by a factor of five to 10.”

Lead Glasses: Proper Care And Maintenance 

Wearing the proper radiation eye protection is an important part of following sound radiation safety principles. Properly maintaining and caring for your lead glasses is an important consideration as well. Lead glasses come in a wide-variety of shapes and sizes to accommodate the unique demands of the individuals that wear them. By following these 7 tips you will learn how to care for and maintain your lead glasses for years to come. Before reading the 7 tips, it may be beneficial to review our previous post, What Are The parts Of A Lead Eyeglass Frame?to help familiarize yourself with the various names and components of lead glasses.

1. Use Care When Removing Lead Glasses

Lead glasses are heavier than traditional eyeglasses due to the added weight of the leaded glass. Always use two hands when removing your lead glasses to keep the hinges, lead side shields (if applicable), and temples properly aligned. Avoid removing the frames with one hand, repeatedly removing the frames this way can stretch the temples and ultimately effect the fit of the glasses.

2. Don’t Use The Bridge For Adjustments

As we discussed earlier, lead glasses come in a wide-variety of shapes, sizes and designs. Although the styles of lead glasses may vary, it is important to avoid adjusting metal framed glasses by pushing on the bridge, doing so can result in improperly aligned nose pads, and wearing the finish off the frames. To ensure that you keep your frames properly aligned and comfortable, adjust your frames by positioning your thumb at the bottom of the frame front and your fingers on the top, and move them to the desired location on your face.

3. Avoid Placing Lead Glasses On The Top Of Your Head

The attenuating properties of lead lenses (0.75 mm lead equivalent) makes the lenses heavier than traditional corrective lenses. Placing your lead glasses on the top of your head can result in them falling off, and with the added weight of the lead lenses, damaging your lead glasses. The overall shape of the frame shape can become stretched, resulting in a less than ideal fit.

4. Avoid Cleaning Lenses With Abrasive Materials

Undoubtedly the most important component of any pair of lead glasses, prescription or not, is the lens. Dirty lenses can impact your sight and make any procedure more challenging. A microfiber optical cleaning cloth is designed for providing a safe and effective means of cleaning your lenses.

Cleaning Lead Lenses

To clean your lead lenses, secure the frames in one hand and rinse the lenses with clean lukewarm water to remove any fine particles of dust or smudges. Using your dominate hand, gently rub the microfiber optical cleaning cloth until the lenses are completely clean. To avoid scratching and damaging your lead lenses do not use any of the following abrasive materials:

  • A dirty microfiber optical cloth
  • Clothing
  • Tissues or paper towels

5. Use Lens Wipes/Professional Lens Cleaner Spray

Before using any type of lens cleaning solution or lens wipe check with the manufacturer’s cleaning and care instructions. Generally, lens cleaning spray can be safely used on lenses that have had anti-fog. Avoid using spray cleaners for lenses that have anti-reflective or coated lenses.

6. Purchase An Eyeglass Repair Kit

As we discussed earlier in the post, the hinges can loosen over time and can result in a less than desirable fit. By purchasing a simple eyeglass kit you will be able to make minor adjustments to keep your lead glasses performing at optimum levels. You should plan on adjusting your lead glasses twice a year to tighten any loose screws and ensure a comfortable fit.

7. Protect your Lead Glasses By Keeping Them In A Case

Whether you receive a glasses case with your purchase or buy one, it is imperative to properly store your lead glasses in a case when you aren’t wearing them. By using a glasses case, you will ensure that your lead glasses are protected against nicks and scratches.

Dust particles, scratches, and hairline cracks can make viewing through your lenses much more difficult. To get the most out of your lead glasses, remember to always store them in your case when not in use. Depending on the manufacturer, lead glasses may come with a case or pouch for safe storage.

Questions? Comments?

We’d like to hear your feedback. Connect with us on social media or simply leave a comment below!

 

 

How Do Lead Glasses Protect Your Eyes?

Protecting Your Eyes From Ionizing Radiation Exposure

Lead shielding is an important radiation safety principle. In fact, shielding is one of the three basic radiation safety principles. Time, distance and shielding are the primary means of eliminating or reducing ionizing radiation exposure.

Lead Shielding

Shielding should be used wherever it is necessary to reduce or eliminate radiation exposure. There are a variety of types of lead shielding options, the focus of this article will be on radiation eye protection and the use of lead glasses.

Radiation Attenuation 

Appropriate shielding placed between the source of radiation and the worker, radiation is attenuated and exposure may be completely eliminated or reduced to an acceptable level. Lead acts as a barrier to reduce x-ray’s effect by blocking or bouncing particles through a barrier material. Attenuation is the result of interactions between x-ray and matter that include absorption and scatter. Much like lead aprons which are commonly found in x-ray rooms in hospitals, lead glasses reduce radiation exposure and protect the lens of the eye.

Occupational Radiation Exposure Limits

Exposure limits have been established by the Nuclear Regulatory Committee (NRC) and set to a level where apparent injury due to ionizing radiation during a normal lifetime is unlikely. This limit is called the “maximum permissible exposure” and medical personnel should be aware of their occupational radiation dose. These occupational radiation exposure limits have been established to help minimize the amount of radiation a worker receives annually by monitoring their occupational radiation dose and keeping them under the established limits. “The exposure limit for the whole body (5,000 mrem) is lower than that for a single organ because all organs and tissues are exposed in whole body exposure, while only a single organ is involved in the single organ exposure limits¹.”

Lens of Eye (LDE) Radiation Exposure Limit

The occupational exposure limit for the lens of the eye (LDE) is 15,000 millirem or 0.15 Sieverts. The Lens of Eye Dose Equivalent (LDE) 10 CFR 20.1003 “applies to the external exposure of the lens of the eye and is taken as the dose equivalent at tissue depth of 0.3 centimeter (300 mg/cm²).”

Personal Monitoring 

The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission has requirements regarding personal monitoring devices. Many medical personnel are required to wear an individual monitoring device to measure the dose to the whole body as well as one at an unshielded location closer to the eye to provide an accurate reading of the lens dose equivalent. Wearing lead glasses will help ensure the lenses of the eyes are properly protected from ionizing radiation thereby reducing your risk of developing cataracts.

“Radiation workers who operate x-ray machines, fluoroscopy units, certain unsealed and sealed radioisotopes or are exposed to other sources of gamma or high energy beta radiation are generally required to wear one or more dosimeters².”

Eye Protection: Reducing Tissue Reactions

Tissue reactions, previously referred to as deterministic effects or non-stochastic effects, describe a cause an effect relationship between radiation and some side-effects. There is a threshold dose, once exceeded, the severity of an effect increases with dose. Examples of tissue reactions include skin erythema, which can occur shortly after radiation exposure. Late tissue reactions, particularly those involving the lens of the eye, such as cataracts, can develop long after the initial radiation exposure, but still can be traced back to the original exposure.

Radiation-Associated Cataracts 

Two separate studies published in 2010 reported that interventional cardiology personnel have an increased risk of developing cataracts, a clouding or opacity of the eye that hinders vision. In a recent study, Radiation Cataract Risk In Interventional Cardiology Personnel (October of 2010), Vano et al tested 116 exposed interventional cardiologists, nurses, and technologists for radiation cataracts and compared them to 93 unexposed control personnel. Thirty-eight percent of the cardiologists, with a cumulative median lens dose of 6.0 Sieverts, developed cataracts, compared with 12 percent of the controls. Twenty-one percent of the other medical personnel, who were exposed to a cumulative median lens dose of 1.5 Sieverts, developed radiation-associated lens changes attributed to ionizing radiation exposure.

The second study, Risk For Radiation-Induced Cataract For Staff In Inventional Cardiology: Is there reason for concern? (November 2010)examines the prevalence of radiation-associated lens opacities among interventional cardiologists and nurses and to correlate with background radiation exposure. The results of the study demonstrated a dose dependent increased risk of posterior lens opacities for interventional cardiologists and nurses when radiation protection tools are not used. Although, a study of a larger cohort is needed to confirm these findings, the results suggest ocular radio-protection should be used.

Radiation Eye Protection 

Our eyes are one of our most valuable organs, without properly functioning eyes even the most routine tasks can become extremely difficult to complete. “Eyes are delicate and precious” says Dr. Andrew Lwach, spokesperson for the American Academy of Ophthalmology. When working near and around ionizing radiation it is important to protect your eyes from potential exposure by wearing lead glasses. Radiation safety glasses, commonly referred to as lead glasses, are designed to protect the lens of the eye by reducing the amount of radiation that is permitted to pass through the leaded glass lenses.

Conclusion 

According to a study, Comparing Strategies For Operator Eye Protection In The Interventional Radiography Suite, published in November of 2010, the “use of leaded glasses alone reduced the lens dose rate by a factor of five to 10.” The operator lens radiation dose rate was recorded with a solid-state dosimeter with nonleaded and leaded (0.75mm lead equivalent) eyeglasses. Lens dose measurements were obtained in right and left 15 degree anterior obliquities with the operator at the upper abdomen and during digital subtraction angiography (two images per second) with the operator at the patient’s groin.

Lead Glasses 

Today, lead glasses come in a wide-variety of styles and configurations including wraparound, goggles, fit over, economy, plastic, metal, and designer frames. For example, metal frames are available with frontal (lens) and lateral radiation(side shields) protection offering 0.75mm and 0.35mm lead (Pb) equivalency respectively.

The industry standard 0.75mm lead equivalency SCHOTT SF6 radiation safety glass lenses provide protection from harmful radiation exposure. The lenses have been tested (CE Certified for Radiation Reducing Eyewear) at 100 kV and have a nominal lead equivalence of 0.75mm Pb and the side shields offer a nominal lead equivalence of 0.35mm Pb at 100 kV. Lead glasses are an essential piece of personal protective equipment that will help reduce the amount of radiation exposure to your eyes.

 

3 Rugged Oakley Radiation Eye Protection Lead Glasses

New Lead Glasses From Oakley

We are excited to announce the addition of a new line of high-quality and durable radiation eye protection lead glasses from Oakley. There are three models available including the classic Oakley Straight Jacket, the Oakley Crankshaft, and the Oakley Fives Squared. These new frames are a welcomed addition to our extensive selection of radiation eye protection and that provides our customers with a stylish and unique answer to traditional radiation eye protection.

 Straight Jacket® Lead Glasses

The aggressive styling combined with over a decade worth of research has produced the Oakley Straight Jacket radiation glasses. These lightweight and durable stress resistant Straight Jacket frames utilize Oakley’s O-Matter® frame technology and are engineered to provide you with all-day comfort and performance.

Part of the Oakley active line, and available in a variety of colors, these frames offer protection that meets ANSI standards for both high-velocity and high-mass impact.

Designed to fit medium faces, the Straight Jacket frame utilizes soft Unobtanium components to increase grip with perspiration around the nose and ears, ensuring a snug fit.

For those that define style on their terms, the Oakley Straight Jacket Radiation Protection Lead Glasses provide you with unmatched comfort, performance and eye protection from the harmful effects of ionizing radiation.

Crankshaft™ Lead Glasses

Fusing radiation protection with the inspired smooth styling of the popular Oakley Gascan® and Fuel Cell™ designs comes the ultimate in radiation eye protection, introducing the revolutionary Crankshaft Radiation Glasses.

The lightweight and durable stress-resistant Crankshaft frames, available in a variety of colors, utilize Oakley O-Matter frame technology providing you with all-day comfort and performance.

Part of the Oakley Lifestyle line, these wraparound frames improve side protection and are designed to comfortably fit medium to large faces.

Achieve a new level of performance and style while protecting your eyes from radiation with the innovative Crankshaft Radiation Glasses.

Fives Squared Radiation Protection Lead Glasses

Faces are not one size fits all, your radiation glasses are no exception. Introducing the Fives Squared Radiation Protection Glasses, specifically designed for small to medium faces, that feel as great as they look.

Constructed of Oakley’s lightweight and durable stress-resistant O-Matter material, this frame is engineered to provide you all-day comfort and performance by utilizing Oakleys unique condensed cranial geometry.

The patented hydrophilic Unobtainum nose pads reduce slipping by increasing grip with perspiration, providing you with a snug and secure fit.

The dimensional reliefs, metal icons and sculpturally integrated hinges with dual action cams, the Fives Squared frame is the perfect blend of sophisticated styling and performance eye protection.

When ordinary radiation protection glasses just don’t fit, look no further, the Fives Squared Radiation Glasses is your answer to comfort and protection.

Lead Glass Lenses 

All three of the frames are outfitted with SCHOTT Radiation Safety Glass Lenses that provide the industry standard 0.75 millimeter lead equivalency and are held securely in place by Oakley’s unique Three-Point Fit technology, ensuring safety and long lasting performance.

Frame Personalization 

You can leave your mark by adding the option of a personalized imprinting of up to 35 characters on the outside of the frame arm and enhance the performance of the lead glass lenses with the optional fog-free or anti-reflective coatings. These customizations and enhancements are available for all three frames.

This is an exciting addition to our radiation eye protection line-up and if you would like to be notified of any future radiation eye protection glasses subscribe to our blog and we will notify you of upcoming product releases.

5 Ways To Minimize Your Occupational Radiation Exposure

Minimizing Occupational Exposure

“The ideal dose is the least amount of radiation possible to produce an acceptable image.”

1. Time

Time is one of the three basic safety measures to reduce external radiation exposure. It is important for healthcare personnel to limit the amount of time spent in close proximity to the radiation source when exposure to the radiation source is possible. Reducing the time of an exposure reduces the effective dose (radiation) proportionally. Consequently, the less time you are around the equipment, the smaller your exposure will be.

2. Notification by Radiation Equipment Operator

Before any treatment or procedure, it is the responsibility of the trained and certified radiation equipment operator to notify healthcare personnel in the x-ray or treatment room prior to the activation of radiation producing equipment (RPE).

Any piece of equipment in which x-rays are produced electrically are classified as radiation producing equipment or RPE. These tools are used in a variety of medical applications including radiography, mammography, computed tomography, and fluoroscopy.

3. Fluoroscopic Procedures

Healthcare personnel performing fluoroscopic procedures must ensure that the patient is kept as close as possible to the image intensifier side of the fluoroscopic unit and away from the tube side of the unit. All healthcare personnel involved in the fluoroscopic procedure must stand on the image intensifier side of the fluoroscopic unit, whenever possible, to reduce the radiation exposure. Standing on the the same side as the image intensifier radiation intensity is decreased.

4. Avoid Direct Beam Exposure

Healthcare personnel assisting with radiological procedures must avoid holding the patient manually during a radiographic study due to the risk of direct beam exposure.  Any individual holding or supporting a person during radiation exposure should wear protective gloves and apron with a minimum of 0.25 millimeters lead equivalent. Under no circumstances should individuals holding or supporting a person’s part of their body be directly in the primary beam. Healthcare personnel must avoid exposing any body parts to direct x-ray beam exposure.

5. Utilize Shielding

Whenever possible, appropriate shielding should be used to provide attenuation of the radiation being delivered to the healthcare personnel who are potentially exposed. Healthcare personnel must keep all body parts out of the direct x-ray beam. There are a variety of shielding options available and may include, but are not limited to:

Specific Shielding Applications

Healthcare personnel who may have to stand with their backs exposed to the radiation beam must wear wrap-around aprons to decrease the risk of radiation exposure.

Bone and Bone Marrow Protection

When healthcare personnel are in close proximity to the radiation beam they should wear an appropriate lead or lead equivalent apron of sufficient length to shield the upper legs and protect the long bones and bone marrow from increased doses of radiation.

Thyroid Protection 

Healthcare personnel must wear a thyroid collar to protect the thyroid whenever the likelihood of the procedure places them at a higher risk of increased exposure.

Female Healthcare Personnel 

Female healthcare personnel must protect their breasts from radiation exposure by utilizing an apron that completely covers the area.

Eye protection

Healthcare personnel must shield the lens of the eye by using leaded eyeglasses with wrap-around side shields or leaded face shields to reduce scatter radiation when it is anticipated that increased fluoroscopic time may be necessary.

Limiting Radiation Exposure 

Reducing radiological exposure in healthcare settings is important for both occupational workers as well as patients. The following guidelines are based on the radiation safety principles of time, distance, and shielding. By following these guidelines, you can reduce your occupational exposure to radiation.

 

 

 

Note: This information included in this post is intended for general reference information only. The information provided is not a substitute for professional advice and should not be relied upon in the absence of such professional advice.